ASTM (13)

ASTM International, one of the world’s leading developers of technical standards, released a white paper entitled, “Standards Development: Enabling Manufacturing Innovation and Accelerating Commercialization.”

The free paper provides a high-level vision for optimal partnership and interaction between the global standardization and innovation communities. In particular, it emphasizes how international standards development activities must be more proactively undertaken to keep pace with marketplace innovation.

“More than ever before, businesses throughout the world need high-quality standards that evolve in tandem with rapid advances in 3D printing, nanotechnology, robotics, and other cutting-edge fields,” said Katharine Morgan, ASTM International president.  “Together, we can meet that challenge by creating aligned roadmaps, by maximizing participation in standards development, and more.”

The white paper explains the value that a collaborative and integrated approach to voluntary consensus standards development can bring to innovation initiatives. Specifically, the paper emphasizes:

  • Early engagement in strategic planning to provide the interface between science and technology, research and market;
  • Robust participation of all key stakeholders to ensure alignment of technology and process goals; and,
  • Leveraging the strength of standards development organizations (SDOs), including speed, collaborative expertise, and agility.

There are many examples of how this approach could benefit global leaders involved in standardization and related R&D.

“High-quality technical standards are the foundation for long-term commercial success and key to accelerating deployment of advanced manufacturing technologies,” said John Vickers, NASA Principal Technologist for Advanced Manufacturing. “If we strengthen the relationship between R&D and standardization activities, we will dramatically improve the competitiveness of U.S. advanced manufacturing industries.”

Importantly, the paper provides a figure that visually depicts how the standards and innovation communities can move forward in parallel with ongoing interactions. The paper also highlights how collaborative approaches are already succeeding in the field of additive manufacturing.

Today, Katharine “Kathie” Morgan began serving as president of ASTM International, one of the world’s largest standards development organizations. Morgan will lead a team that supports thousands of members, customers, partners, and other stakeholders worldwide. She succeeds James A. Thomas, who served in the role for 25 years.

“I am thrilled and humbled to serve as president of an organization that has played such a foundational role in meeting societal needs for over a century,” Morgan said today at the organization’s first major meeting of 2017 in Norfolk, Va. “We will build on the legacy of Jim Thomas, attracting even more of the world’s top technical experts to our committees while also serving people and organizations that rely on our standards and services.”

Morgan was joined at the event today by Thomas Marsh, CEO of Centrotrade and ASTM International’s 2017 chairman of the board. “Kathie brings proven leadership skills, a deep understanding of the global standards community, a passion for ASTM International’s mission, and much more,” Marsh said. “ASTM International will continue to grow and thrive under her leadership.”

Also today, Morgan visited the Virginia Beach Fire Department Training Facility to see demonstrations of emergency response robots and drones. Manufacturers, first responders, and others tested robot capabilities and operator proficiency using 50 test methods, many of which have been developed through ASTM International’s Committee on Homeland Security Applications (E54).

Morgan is a 33-year veteran of ASTM International. She served as executive vice president for the past two years. Prior to that, she was vice president of Technical Committee Operations, leading a 50-member team that supports the volunteer work of ASTM International’s 30,000 members worldwide.

Morgan is one of the world’s most prominent voices on standardization-related issues. She is a board member of the American National Standards Institute’s Board of Directors, the Council of Engineering and Scientific Executives, the International Consumer Product Health and Safety Organization, the Society for Standards Professionals (SES), the American Society of Association Executives, and a former member of the Standards Council of Canada’s Standards Development Organization Advisory Committee.

Morgan holds a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Lafayette College in Easton, Pa., and a master’s degree in business administration from Widener University in Chester, Pa.

ASTM International announced it is accepting papers for its newest journal, Smart and Sustainable Manufacturing Systems (SSMS), which will launch January 2017.

“A journal in smart manufacturing is a perfect fit for ASTM,” says SSMS Editor-in-Chief Dr. Sudarsan Rachuri. “The science behind the growing number of standards in this field needs to be explained so that everyone can validate and have trust in the standards.”

Rachuri, who met today with ASTM President James Thomas and Executive Vice President Katharine Morgan, manages the Smart Manufacturing Design and Analysis program at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Rachuri has recruited more than 50 top global experts from academia and industry to serve as editors and advisors for the new journal. “We are particularly interested in papers at the intersection of manufacturing science, information science and data science,” notes Rachuri. The group welcomes research papers, industry case studies, industry application papers, survey papers and technical notes.

“This journal will support many smart-manufacturing related initiatives,” Rachuri adds. “For example, here in the U.S., the journal will serve as an excellent venue for those involved with the National Network of Manufacturing Institutes – including the newly-announced Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute – to publish their work.”

The launch of SSMS is part of ASTM’s commitment to serve as the global leader in smart manufacturing standards. Already, 5,300 experts and 1,500 organizations from 65 countries participate in ASTM’s committees in fields such as additive manufacturing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, industrial biotechnology, nanotechnology and automation technology. ASTM’s Smart Manufacturing Advisory Committee coordinates standards development across these fields while also building strategic partnerships.

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A proposed ASTM guide will make it easier for businesses to create parts using additive manufacturing, also known as 3D printing. Specifically, the guide will provide overarching principles of design rules in this fast-growing field.

“It is very hard to come up with a single ‘right way’ to create a part using additive manufacturing,” says ASTM member Paul Witherell, a mechanical engineer at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. “This standard will serve as a foundation that supports the development of design rules for the growing number of additive manufacturing processes and machines.”

Well-formed design rules provide manufacturers – including entrepreneurs and small businesses – with a way to make meaningful changes to parts and production processes without compromising overall manufacturability. The new standard will promote a consistent way to develop and apply these rules, providing key insights into the intricacies of additive processes.

All interested parties, particularly those developing best practices in this field, are welcome to join in the work of ASTM’s additive manufacturing committee (F42) and this proposed standard (WK51841, Guide for Principles of Design Rules in Additive Manufacturing).

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A workshop on the Mechanical Behavior of Additive Manufactured Components will be held May 4, 2016, at the Grand Hyatt San Antonio in San Antonio, Texas.

ASTM International Committee E08 on Fatigue and Fracture is sponsoring the workshop in conjunction with Committees E07 on Nondestructive Testing and F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies. The groups are also holding their biannual standards development meetings the same week.

This event will provide a forum for the exchange of ideas regarding the mechanical behavior of components fabricated using additive manufacturing with a focus on fatigue behavior. It is designed for professionals in the aerospace, medical and defense industries.

Topics to be discussed include:

  • Standards for additive manufacturing;
  • Fatigue behavior of components fabricated using additive manufacturing; and
  • Nondestructive evaluation of components fabricated using additive manufacturing.

A technical program will be posted by December 2015. Online registration opens approximately eight weeks before the workshop and closes April 27, 2016.

For more information or to register, visit:

Manufacturers and users of laser scanners used in 3D imaging will benefit from a new ASTM standard that helps evaluate their measurement performance.

Specifically, the standard will help evaluate time-of-flight imaging systems, which determine measurements by detecting the reflected light from a scene illuminated by a modulated light source. The new standard is E2938, Test Method for Evaluating the Relative-Range Measurement Performance of 3D Imaging Systems in the Medium Range.

3D imaging systems are used to rapidly capture information of a scene or object through “point clouds,” or groupings of points, which may include associated color and intensity. This data helps with manufacturing airplanes, cars, roads, bridges and digital terrain maps. In addition, this technology is increasingly used in historic preservation of sites and monuments. Also, these scanners advance innovation in areas such as sensors for driverless vehicles, vehicle collision-detection systems, and advanced robotic material-handling systems.

Manufacturers can use the standard to specify the relative range error of their instrument at one or more ranges. Meanwhile, buyers and other users will be able to compare different instruments, verify manufacturers' relative range-error specifications, or specify requirements when buying a system.

“The standard was intentionally developed to be flexible enough to allow a user to evaluate a system over a series of ranges and/or for various surface properties to gain a fuller understanding of the system’s relative-range performance,” says ASTM member Kamel S. Saidi, Ph.D. “This flexibility is important due to the countless combinations of distances and surface properties that laser scanners can encounter in the field.”

ASTM Committee E57 on 3D Imaging Systems developed the new standard and welcomes all interested parties to join in its activities.

“We are seeking participants who are knowledgeable in any and all aspects of laser scanner technology, from best field practices to point-cloud data-processing algorithms,” says Saidi, a mechanical engineer at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. “We are also seeking those who are interested in developing standards for other types of 3D imaging systems, such as triangulation-based, short-range laser scanners and multiple-pixel-array ranging cameras.”

For more information, visit:

ASTM International Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies is working on a standard that will be used to evaluate mechanical properties for additively manufactured materials.

The standard (WK49229, Guide for Anisotropy Effects in Mechanical Properties of AM Parts) will serve as a guideline for using currently available standards for measuring mechanical properties, such as fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth, specifically within the realm of additive manufacturing.

Many mechanical testing standards are applicable to parts made by additive manufacturing, according to ASTM member Mohsen Seifi, a doctoral researcher at Case Western Reserve University. However, these standards do not provide enough guidance tailored to the emerging technology of additive manufacturing. The focus of the proposed standard will be guiding users to adopt or apply current available standards but with considerations and guidelines unique to additive manufacturing.

Vendors and manufacturers will use the standard to partially qualify parts and components to meet certain load bearing capability, damage tolerance, fracture and fatigue properties. Industries that use such parts will be able to use the standard for certification and qualification purposes as well. Regulatory bodies and testing labs will also benefit from the standard.

In addition to WK49229, Committee F42 is working on other standards that will be used to fully qualify additive manufacturing parts. All interested parties are welcome to join the committee’s work.

For more information, visit:

High grade biomedical implants, automotive and aerospace parts are among the objects that can be made from metal powders using additive manufacturing processes. The makers and users of metal powders will be among those who will benefit from a new ASTM International standard, ASTM F3049, Guide for Characterizing Properties of Metal Powders Used for Additive Manufacturing Processes.

John A. Slotwinski, a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and an ASTM member, notes that the new standard will help those who are faced with the large number of existing standards on metal powder properties.

“ASTM F3049 will point readers to existing metal powder standards that may be appropriate for additive manufacturing powders,” says Slotwinksi. “It will provide guidance for someone who may want to measure the properties of AM powders but doesn’t necessarily know what standard methods exist.”

In addition to ASTM F3049, Slotwinksi says that a companion standard covering the mechanical properties of metal parts, ASTM WK43112, Guide for Evaluating Mechanical Properties of Materials Made Via Additive Manufacturing Processes, is also in the works.

ASTM F3049 was developed by Subcommittee F42.05 on Materials and Processes, while ASTM WK43112 is under the jurisdiction of Subcommittee F42.01 on Test Methods. Both subcommittees are part of ASTM International Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies.

ASTM International welcomes participation in the development of its standards.

ASTM Committee F42 Next Meeting: Jan. 26-27, 2015, ASTM International Headquarters, West Conshohocken, PA

For more information, visit

ASTM International has announced a new academic offering for university professors to include technical standards as part of their engineering and business curricula. The ASTM Professor’s Tool Kit contains various informational tools to help educators promote awareness of standards in the classroom.

Familiarity with standards can enhance a student’s knowledge and skills before entering the workplace. The Professor’s Tool Kit offers a collection of ASTM materials in one place, so instructors may pick and choose which components work best for their classes.

Some of the supplies featured in the kit include:

  • Five scripted PowerPoint modules;
  • Sample syllabi and standards;
  • Short videos on the value of standards and student membership in ASTM;
  • Articles about standards education;
  • ASTM industry sector overviews (metals, energy, construction, chemicals, consumer products, healthcare and more);
  • Standards case studies; and
  • Informational brochures on student membership and benefits, ASTM’s digital library, copyright and more.

As an added benefit for international students and professors, a number of the materials have been translated into Spanish, Mandarin and Portuguese.

ASTM International promotes standards education in colleges and universities through its free student membership program, which offers several benefits for full-time undergraduate or graduate students. Students have the opportunity to learn more about standards with free subscriptions to ASTM’s magazine and newsletter, free attendance at ASTM symposia and workshops, publishing opportunities, scholarships and paper competitions. Upon graduation, students are eligible for full ASTM membership at a reduced fee.
For more information, visit:

To facilitate the development and use of sustainable manufacturing processes, ASTM International’s Committee E60 on Sustainability has created a new subcommittee, E60.13 on Sustainable Manufacturing. The new group will hold its first meeting during Committee E60’s October 2012 meeting in Atlanta, Georgia.

Sustainable manufacturing has become an ongoing topic of discussion across a wide range of industries. Consisting of processes that minimize negative environmental impacts while conserving energy and other natural resources, sustainable manufacturing also incorporates economically sound processes that are safe for employees, communities and consumers.

According to Amy Costello, environmental sustainability manager, Armstrong World Industries, and E60.13 chairman, Subcommittee E60.13 evolved out of a presentation on the nature of sustainable manufacturing given by representatives of the National Institute of Standards and Technology during the April 2012 E60 committee meeting. The purpose of the presentation was to discuss the need for sustainable manufacturing standards and E60’s potential role in developing those standards.

“As manufacturers embark on the journey of benchmarking and developing sustainability metrics, they will quickly realize that they are in uncharted territory,” says Costello. “While there are many sources of information about sustainable manufacturing, few standards exist.”

Costello notes that the subcommittee will develop standards that manufacturers can use to benchmark, assess, act on and communicate sustainability metrics, including standards for evaluating, improving and measuring gate-to-gate processes in the production of finished goods.

The following proposed new standards will be the first to be developed by new Subcommittee E60.13:

  • ASTM WK35702, Practice for Materials and Energy Information Modeling for Sustainable Products;
  • ASTM WK35703, Terminology for Sustainable Manufacturing;
  • ASTM WK35705, Guide for Sustainability Improvement of Manufacturing Processes; and
  • ASTM WK38312, Specification for the Classification of Manufacturing Wastes and Associated Claims.

Costello says that the standards will play an important role in helping manufacturers communicate the sustainability of their processes and increase consumer confidence in manufacturer claims.

“For example,” Costello says, “is Company A’s claim to be a net-zero waste facility the same as Company B’s claim? How is waste determined within a manufacturing facility? Is it just the material that you send to the landfill or do you count material that is incinerated too? Standardizing this type of basic language and creating standards to evaluate and measure processes will help both manufacturers and consumers.”

For more information, visit:

ASTM International has launched a revamped online version of its flagship magazine, Standardization News (SN). The magazine’s new website, which is available free to all visitors, offers more frequently updated ASTM news that is organized into new industry sector gateways. These gateways serve as web portals to comprehensive news and information about ASTM standards development activities, meeting and training course dates, publications and more.

The centerpiece of the new SN online homepage is instant access to 10 gateways, which allow visitors to see — at a glance — the variety of industry areas in which ASTM International’s standards provide guidance, and to quickly find news and information according to their interest area. The SN online homepage also features access to a digital edition of the current issue of the bimonthly magazine, as well as access to the Spanish and Chinese-language versions.

The 10 industry gateways cover:

Building Construction
Transportation and Infrastructure
End Use Products and Recreation
Metals and Materials Analysis
Personal and Occupational Safety
Environment and Sustainability
Quality Assurance

As an example, a visitor to the Building Construction gateway will see not only the latest SN features, columns and news articles covering this sector, but also other ASTM listings, such as new and draft standards, upcoming technical committee meeting dates and training courses, papers and publications, and Proficiency Testing Programs, all related to building construction.

“ASTM International standards cover diverse industries and the readers of Standardization News represent a wide and varied cross-section of industry sectors,” says SN Editor-in-Chief Maryann Gorman. “This new online format is an exciting opportunity to give those readers quick access to the news and information they have the greatest interest in. The industry gateways also give readers an easy way to see what’s new in standards development across their sector, offering a user-friendly, subject-based resource.”

The main landing page of Standardization News online is at:

ASTM International and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) have signed a Partner Standards Developing Organization (PSDO) cooperative agreement to govern the ongoing collaborative efforts between ASTM International Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies and ISO Technical Committee 261 on Additive Manufacturing. The PSDO was signed by James Thomas, president, ASTM International, and Rob Steele, secretary general, ISO, during the ISO General Assembly meeting in India in September.

The purpose of the PSDO cooperative agreement is to eliminate duplication of effort while maximizing resource allocation within the additive manufacturing industry. In order to best achieve this, the ASTM and ISO additive manufacturing committees have agreed to normatively reference their standards in the publications of the other organization in compliance with each organizations’ policies and directives relative to normative references.

“As opportunities to forge collaborations in global standards development emerge in exciting new areas such as additive manufacturing, ASTM International stands ready to work with others to avoid duplication of effort and better serve our stakeholders,” explains ASTM President Thomas.

The agreement covers the following:
• Fast tracking the adoption process of an ASTM International standard as an ISO final draft international standard (FDIS);
• Formal adoption of a published ISO standard by ASTM International;
• Maintenance of published standards;
• Publication, copyright and commercial arrangements; and
• Terms of the agreement and cancellation.

“ISO’s aim is to facilitate the international exchange of goods and services through the development of International Standards,” says ISO’s Rob Steele. “Adopting a spirit of inclusion and cooperation vis à vis other standardizing bodies can only increase the market relevance of our standards, while ensuring an effective and efficient use of resources.”

ASTM Committee F42 Next Meeting: Jan. 30-31, 2012, Salt Lake City, Utah

For more information, visit:

The additive manufacturing industry will greatly benefit from a new ASTM International standard that will allow computer- aided design programs, scanners and 3D graphical editors to communicate with 3D printers and additive manufacturing equipment. The standard will answer the growing need within the industry for a standard interchange file format that can work with features such as color, texture, material, substructure and other properties of a fabricated target object.

The new standard, ASTM F2915, Specification for Additive Manufacturing File Format (AMF), was developed by Subcommittee F42.04 on Design, part of ASTM International Committee F42 on Additive Manufacturing Technologies.

“As additive manufacturing technology is quickly evolving from producing primarily single-material, homogeneous shapes to producing multi-material geometries in full color with functionally graded materials and microstructures, there is a growing need for a standard interchange file format that can support these features,” says Hod Lipson, Ph.D., associate professor, Cornell University, and an F42.04 member. “ASTM F2915 is XML-based, covers these new capabilities and allows for expansion.”

According to Lipson, ASTM F2915 will provide engineers, architects, artists and anyone involved in 3D design and printing to seamlessly transition from design to physical printed object, independent of the specific software or printer hardware being used.

“This is similar to the PDF file format that allows any document to be viewed and printed regardless of the display and printer being used,” says Lipson. “The availability of such a standard is key to growth of the additive manufacture industry and the proliferation of new applications.”

Lipson notes that geometric design software vendors and 3D printer manufacturers will be the primary users of ASTM F2915, but he also says that anyone involved in the design, aggregation, fabrication and consumption of 3D objects using new additive manufacturing technologies would benefit from use of the new standard.

A website with files, documentation and forums for ASTM F2915 is located at:

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